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Common Skin Conditions Pediatric Urgent Care Can Treat In Houston

Skin conditions
Skin is the largest organ of our body and needs special care. Many children have perfect flawless skin and might not face any skin condition that might worry the parents. However, some children might get into contact with several skin diseases that may need medical treatment.


Everybody wants their skin clear and problem-free. But many become helpless when acne starts appearing on the skin. It is a skin condition in which pimples, whiteheads, and blackheads start forming on the face, neck, shoulders, chest, and back. This occurs when pores become blocked with oil, dead skin, or dust. Acne begins from puberty and mostly affects the teenagers. However, different types of acne may also affect younger children.

When should you see a doctor?

For some, acne is not a significant cause of concern as it clears within a few days. However, there are many for whom pimples become a problematic issue as it spread on the entire face and does not clear on its own. Children might even experience pain if the condition becomes worse. In such cases, the patient should prefer consulting a doctor, specifically a dermatologist, to seek medical help. The doctor would prescribe medicines to reduce their effects. If not treated on time, pimples might last for decades.



Dermatitis is a skin irritation that causes itching, redness, and patches on the skin. As a result, blisters may also appear on the skin. In children, this skin condition may appear when a substance such as soap, lotion, and perfume gets in contact with the skin and does not suit it. Dermatitis may either affect a small portion of the skin or extend to a large part. In either case, it would need medical attention as the symptoms do not disappear on their own. Your child’s skin may become flaky, dry, or may even bleed if proper medical treatment is not given on time. An appropriate diagnosis would help treating it better as the symptoms of dermatitis are similar to other skin conditions.

Head lice

Having head lice is very common in younger children, especially the ones going to school. These are small parasites that stick to human hair and feed on blood. Head lice easily transfer from child to child when children sit and play together. Head lice can also transfer by sharing personal things like comb, brush, and towel. Children having lice often feel a tickling effect on their heads. The children are typically found scratching their heads and may also have sores in their heads. A single louse or a two can also be worrisome as these multiply quickly, and within a few days, a child’s head can be full of lice. In extreme cases, the lice from heads may also get into eyebrows and eyelashes. Therefore, it is mandatory to treat it before it starts causing trouble.


Infants between the age of two to five often develop impetigo. This skin infection forms red sores that when burst can form yellow cysts. The infection is highly contagious and begins with a cut on the skin, insect bite, or due to rash from eczema. The signs of the infection are usually visible around the nose and mouth. It spreads by a touch on the affected area or by using the same items like towels, clothes, or bedsheets. The bacteria that cause impetigo are also present in the environment. Therefore, the chances of it spreading increase in hot and moist conditions. However, impetigo loses its strength in winters. In regions that have a warm and humid climate, this infection can spread all the year-round. A doctor may usually recommend a course of antibiotics for treating the infection. The doctors may also suggest medicines to prevent the disease from spreading. When the virus infects the child, it is better to let the child stay at home so other children would remain safe.

Minor skin rash and infections

Minor skin rash and infections are very common in younger children. Most of the time, rashes are not a cause to worry; however, if these start expanding or become excessively irritable, then a child should be given immediate medical attention. The most common cause of a rash in children is eczema, hand and foot disease, prickly heat, ringworm, and scabies. If skin rashes become worse, they can cause infection. The rashes create red patches on the skin and are very itchy and painful. Young children often get rash due to soiled and wet diapers. These may become painful if not given early attention. Whether the child gets a minor skin rash or an infection, it should be treated on time and with due care. Otherwise, it may make the child go through unnecessary pain and irritation.


Warts are small bumps that appear on the skin of children. These bumps may vary in size and color and hardens the surface wherever it appears. These may form on any part of the body, but normally children get these on their faces, hands, and feet. Although the actual reason for warts is unknown, however, the bumps are not a cause to worry. In most cases, the virus appear in areas where there are cuts on the skin as they form on warm and moist areas. The virus grows slowly on the skin for months before the bumps start becoming visible. Using a towel or clothes of children having warts may cause it to appear on your skin.


Blisters are bumps on the upper layer of the skin that are filled with fluid. The fluid-filled bumps are usually painful and quite uncomfortable. These filled bumps are not a sign of any serious problem and would heal on their own without any medication. However, there are times when these bumps might need treatment. If blisters extend to a large part of the body or when their size increases reasonably, you should take the child to the doctor.

What causes fluid-filled bumps?

In children, blisters may form due to particular material not suiting their skin like, clothes and shoes. It may also appear due to friction of material with the skin. Children can also get these bumps from insect bites or dermatitis. Viral infections such as chickenpox and cold sore may also cause blisters in children.
It is best to seek your doctor’s help if the bumps do not go away with a few days, and the child becomes irritable.



Eczema is a non-contagious skin irritation that causes itching, redness, and scaly rashes. The rash might appear on your child’s hands, legs, arms, and face. Eczema may be painful as it makes skin extraordinarily itchy, and the skin might bleed because of excessive cracks. Blisters also appear on the affected area. The symptoms might become worse when a child sweats, wears hard clothes, gets in contact with detergent or soap. It is one of the skin conditions that starts showing before the age of five and improves as the child grows up. The real cause of eczema is unknown; however, managing it is possible with an early treatment. Children with a family history of allergy will be at a higher risk.


Hives are suddenly appearing red bumps on the skin. These bumps cause sharp itching accompanied with burn and pain. These may arise as a result of an allergy to a particular substance like food, sunlight, insect bite, or medicine. Food like nuts, seafood, berries may affect many people. However, the actual reason for allergy may be difficult to identify. Some children might also have a fever, along with showing red patches on their bodies. Certain children also get allergic to pets and their fur like cats, dogs, horses. Pollen in the air could be another reason that may become a cause of concern for some children. Hives can appear on any part of the body, including throat and tongue, and can be various sizes. These can range from 1 to 2 cm but may also spread on a more significant part. Hives may last from two hours to two days but can be cured earlier with proper medicines.

Insect bites

Insect bites irritate the skin and often form lumps and red patches on the upper layer of the skin. The bite may also cause a small hole on the skin and make it itchy. A child should avoid scratching the affected area; otherwise, it may cause infection and may make the skin thick. At times insect bites may cause infection at the bite area. The bites may cause warmth and force skin to become hard from the affected area. There are times when the wound may also form pus in the lumps. Normally, the irritation from the insect bite is minor and would subside within a few days. However, certain insect bites might cause a severe problem for the younger child and would need immediate medical attention.

Mouth and cold sores

Most children, before they turn five experience mouth and cold sores. Cold sores are blisters that pop up during fever around lips and mouth and sometimes around nose, cheek and chin. Mouth and cold sores settle on their own within 1 to 2 weeks.

Symptoms of mouth sores 

Mouth sores begin in the form of blisters, filled with liquid. These blisters may also form inside the mouth in addition to appearing on lips. The blisters then turn into sores when they begin to ooze. This makes eating and speaking difficult for children. The sores than form crust before they disappear.



Scabies is a contagious infection that spreads quickly by close contact with the infected person. Scabies is the presence of tiny mites that live inside the upper layer of the skin and lay eggs inside; therefore, the mites multiply quickly. The infection causes rash and severe itching. Scabies generally spreads at overcrowded places or due to poor hygiene. Children are at a higher risk of getting infected. The symptoms of scabies start appearing after 5 to 6 weeks of getting in contact with an infected person. The doctor generally takes a sample of the skin to diagnose the infection and after examining, confirms the disease. After confirmation of the infection, the doctor prescribes medicines and lotions to reduce the effect. To avoid the reoccurrence of the infection all family members need treatment at the same time. People in close contact with the child also need treatment. All clothes and bedsheets need a good washing in hot water so that the mites do not reappear. All burrows of the mites must be over; otherwise, the child may need treatment again.

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